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What is Craniosynostosis? In an infant, the skull is not a solid piece of bone, but several boney plates separated by fibrous sutures. These sutures allow the skull to expand as the brain grows, and will eventually fuse to form a solid skull. Craniosynostosis is a condition in which one or more of these sutures fuse prematurely, causing restricted skull and brain growth. It is often sporadic with unknown cause, but can sometimes be linked a genetic syndrome. A physician's examination as well as imaging procedures are required in order to properly diagnose craniosynostosis.

The most common treatment is surgery performed by a neurosurgeon and craniofacial surgeon. There are three goals in surgery; open up the fused sutures to allow room for normal skull and brain growth, relieve any pressure that may be on the brain, and give the head a more normal appearance. Some cases may require more than one surgery. The prognosis for a child with craniosynostosis is generally good when treated, but will depend on which sutures are fused, how many are fused, and whether or not a syndrome is involved.
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